Rishika - The Female Rishi

 

There is a wrong impression that the Hindu spiritual spectrum is dominated by men.

Hinduism, right from the Vedic age has considered women as equals to men.

Scriptures such as Devi Bhagavata have even placed feminine power above masculine power.

 

Who are Rishikas?

 

Rishika is the feminine gender of Rishi.

The term Rishi has got two meanings:

1. Someone to whom a mantra has been revealed.

2. Someone who is able to see beyond the ordinary world.

 

How does someone become a Rishi or a Rishika?

 

By observing intense tapas.

Intense tapas purifies the mind.

In a pure mind, knowledge in the form of mantras arises.

This is different from knowledge acquired through books and learning.

If you look at the Vedic corpus, it becomes clear that all the Rishis and Rishikas have observed tapas.

 

Can Rishikas marry?

 

Yes.

They can.

 

How do you recognize Rishikas?

 

Along with every Sukta of the Vedas, the name of the Rishi or Rishika to whom it was revealed is also mentioned.

 

Who are the important Rishikas?

 

  1. सार्पराज्ञी - Sarparajni
  2. सरमा देवशुनी - Sarama
  3. जुहूः ब्रह्मजाया - Juhu
  4. इन्द्राणी - Indrani
  5. शची पौलोमी - Shachi
  6. इन्द्रमातरो देवजामयः - Indramatas
  7. अदितिः दाक्षायणी - Aditi
  8. यमी वैवस्वती - Yami
  9. श्रद्धा कामायनी - Shraddha
  10. सूर्य्या सावित्री - Suryaa
  11. दक्षिणा प्राजापत्या - Dakshina
  12. लोपामुद्रा अगस्त्यपत्नी- Lopamudra
  13. असामातिः अगस्त्यस्वसा- Asamati
  14. शिखण्डिन्यावप्सरसौ- Shikhandinis
  15. घोषा काक्षीवती- Ghosha
  16. रात्री भारद्वाजी- Ratri
  17. गोधा नारी- Godha
  18. विश्ववारा आत्रेयी- Vishwavara
  19. अपाला आत्रेयी- Apala
  20. वाग् आम्भृणी- Vag
  21. रोमशा भावयव्यपत्नी- Romasha
  22. शश्वती आसङ्गराजपत्नी- Shashvati
  23. शशीयसी तरन्तपत्नी- Shashiyasi
  24. उर्वशी- Urvashi
  25. नद्यः- Nadis
  26. लाक्षा- Laksha
  27. उपनिषत्- Upanishat
  28. निषत्- Nishat
  29. मेधा- Medha
  30. श्रीः- Shri 

 

Author

Ramaswamy Sastry and Vighnesh Ghanapaathi

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