Guruvayur Temple

Guruvayur temple

 

Guruvayur Temple is one of the most famous and richest Hindu temples in the world.

It is located in the Trissur district of Kerala.

It is dedicated to Lord Krishna.

It is the 4th biggest temple in India in terms of the number of devotees.

An estimated 7 million devotees visit this temple annually.

The greatness of the idol of Guruvayur temple

After completing the purpose of his avatara as Krishna, Lord Vishnu was about to return to his abode. 

The Lord was at Dwaraka at that time.

There was an idol of the Lord made of Pathala Anjana stone which the nobles of Dwaraka worshiped.

The Yadu Vamsha was already eliminated and Dwaraka was about to submerge under the sea.

Uddhava was one of the closest devotees of the Lord.

The Lord called Uddhava and said: find a suitable place and install this idol; even after I return to Vaikuntha, my complete presence will be there in this idol.

The Lord disappeared soon.

The Lord had given darshana to his parents, Vasudeva and Devaki while they were in the prison.

The idol represented the form that Vasudeva and Devaki had seen.

It is called Balavishnu.

The upper right-hand holds Sudarshana chakra.

The upper left-hand holds Panhajanya.

The lower right-hand holds a lotus.

The lower left-hand holds Gada.

Uddhava approached Devaguru Brihaspati and sought his advice.

As they were talking, Vayu Deva appeared.

Vayu Deva informed them that he knew a sacred place in Parashurama kshetra (Kerala as it was reclaimed by Parashurama from the sea).

The presence of Uma - Maheshwara was already there at that place (Mammiyoor).

It was a beautiful place with a lake and gardens.

Munis and Siddhas observed tapas there.

That place would be ideal for the installation of the idol.

Uddhava, Brihaspati, and Vayu Deva reached the place traveling through the sky.

The installation of the idol was performed on the day of Utthana Ekadashi in the lunar month of Karthika in the presence of Devas, Munis and Siddhas.

According to the text Rupamandana, the idol conforms to the form of Janardana.

According to Virat Brahma Samhita, it is Vasudeva. 

What is behind the name Guruvayur?

“OOr” in Malayalam means place.

Since the place was discovered by Guru and Vayu, it came to be known Guruvayur.

Guru + Vayu + Oor = Guruvayoor / Guruvayur.

According to the 14th-century book Kokasandesha, the place was known as Kuravayur.

Kuravayur means place on the seashore.

The place was originally known as Ambapuram owing to the presence of Uma - Maheshwara temple there.

Ambapuram is the Sanskrit version of Ammayur.

Ammayur = Amma + Oor.

Ammayur later beacame Mammiyur.

Mammiyur = Mahima + Oor (Great place).

Mammiyur Uma - Maheshwara temple is also very famous.

Other deities in the temple complex

  1. Ganapathy
  2. Shastha
  3. Bhagavathy

History

King Janamejaya the successor of the Pandavas conducted a Sarpa Yajna to avenge the killing of his father Parikshit by the serpent Takshaka.

Millions of serpents were killed in this Yajna.

Janamejaya incurred the wrath and curse of the serpents due to this.

He was affected by leprosy.

Lord Dattatreya advised him to take refuge at the feet of Guruvayurappan.

After 10 months of worship of Guruvayurappan, Janamejaya was completely cured.

The grand temple was originally built by Janamejaya about 5000 years ago.

The temple was later renovated by king Kulashekhara Perumal (9th century CE).

Mallissery Namboothiri was the original caretaker of the temple.

It was later taken over by the Zamorins of Calicut who appointed Chennas as the Tantri of the temple in the place of Puliyannoor.

The temple had been the target of invasions by the Dutch, Hyderali, and Tipu Sultan.

 

12 forms of Guruvayurappan during various pujas 

Form

Puja

Description

Vishwaroopa

Nirmalyam

As soon as the door to the sanctum sanctorum is opened in the morning.

Vatarogaghna

Tailabhisheka

During oil abhisheka, the Lord cures rheumatic diseases.

Gokulanatha

Vakacharthu

Applying a powder called vaka for removing oil.

Santanagopala

Shankhabhisheka

When abhisheka is performed with a conch shell.

 Gopikanatha  Balalamkaram When the Lord is dressed up as a child.
Yashodabala Abhisheka with milk, etc.  
Vanamala Krishna Navakabhisheka  
Sarvalankara Bhushana Uccha puja  Puja during noontime.
Sarva Mangala Dayaka Sayamkala puja  Evening puja.
Mohana Sundara Deeparadhana  Arati at sunset.
Vrindavanachara Athazha puja  Night puja.
 Shesha Shayana  Trippuka

 Just before the closing of the temple door.

 

Results of darshan during various pujas

Puja

Result

Nirmalyam

Relief from the results of grave sins.

Tailabhisheka

Relief from rheumatic diseases.

Vakacharthu

 Relief from troubles.

Shankhabhisheka

 Gain of wealth.

Balalankara  Increase in devotion.  
 Shankha Prokshana   Relief from sins such as Brahmahatya.
 Shri Bhuta Bali   Begetting children.
 Palabhisheka  Relief from infertility.
Elaneer, Panineer abhisheka  Relief from stress and mental issues
Navakabhisheka  Relief from eye diseases.
Pantheerati  Relief from misery and grief.
Uccha puja  Gain of knowledge and detachment.
Three times Sheeveli Relief from the results of sins.

Deeparadhana

Happy and long married life.
Athazha puja Relief from abdominal diseases.
Trippuka Attainment of moksha.

Sashtanga Namaskara

Long life.
Pradakshina Relief from sins of previous births.
Bhagavati Azhal Darshanam Relief from all troubles.

 

Krishnanattam

It is a dance form unique to Guruvayur temple.

Krishnanattam is believed to be the predecessor of Kathakali.

Based on a 14th-century composition by Zamorin Manadeva Varma, Krishnanattam depicts the leelas of Lord Krishna.

Except on Tuesdays and the monsoon season (June to September), Krishnanattam is performed every day.

Devotees sponsor Krishnanattam as an offering praying for various results.

The performance is divided into eight parts.

 

Results of sponsoring Krishnanattam 

Part

Result

Avataram

Begetting children.

Kaliya Mardanam

Cure from toxicity.

Rasakreeda

Marriage for girls, solution to marital discord.

Kamsa Vadham

Defeat of rivals.

Swayamvaram

Happy marriage.

Bana Yudham Fulfillment of commitments.
Vividha Vadham Abundance and prosperity.
Swargarohanam Sadgati for the departed souls.

  

Guruvayur Temple Timings 

Puja

Timing

Nirmalyam

3.00 am to 3.20 am

Thailabhishekam, Vakacharthu, Sankhabhishekam

3.20 am to 3.30 am

Malar Naivedyam, Alankaram

3.30 am to 4.15 am

Usha Naivedyam

4.15 am to 4.30 am

 Ethirettu pooja and Usha pooja  4.30 am to 6.15 am
 

Sheeveli, Palabhishekam, Navakabhishekam, Pantheeradi Nivedyam, and Pooja

 7.15 am to 9.00 am
 Uccha pooja  11.30 am to 12.30 pm
 Sheeveli  4.30 pm to 5.00 pm
 Deeparadhana  6.00 pm to 6.45 pm
 Athazha pooja  7.30 pm to 8.15 pm
 Athazha seeveli  8.45 pm to 9.00 pm
 Thrippuka, Olavayana  9.00 pm to 9.15 pm
 Closing time 9.15 pm

 

 List of Offerings

NAME OF OFFERING
CHARGES (Rs) as on August, 2022
Palpayasam 35.00(1/4 ltr), 140.00(1 ltr)
Neipayasam 50.00(1/4 ltr), 200.00(1 ltr)
Sarkarapayasam 45.00(1/4 ltr), 180.00(1 ltr)
VellaNivedyam 28.00 (1 unit)
Appam 20.00 (2 nos)
Ada 20.00 (2 nos)
Avil 12.00
Thirumadhuram 10.00
Butter Nivedyam 15.00
Sugar Plantain 15.00
Undamala 50.00
Thirumudimala 15.00
Niramala 125.00
Valiya Niramala 4500.00
Annaprasam (Chorun) 20.00
Bhagavathy Azhal 20.00
Butter after Japam 5.00
Kelikkayyu 10.00
Purusha sooktham 3.00
Ashtotharam Archana 4.00
Sahasra namam Archana 5.00
Alankaram with Kalabham (6 Balls) 9000.00
Kalabham 1 Ball 1500.00
Kalabham 1 Packet 50.00
Ghee Lamp 1.00
Ghee Lamp in Sreekovil 3000.00
Ghee Lamp in Sreekovil 4500.00
Ghee Lamp in Sreekovil 500.00
Thali pooja 10.00
Oil Abhishekam (250ml) 200.00
Malar Nivedyam 24.00
Marriage 250.00
Ashtapathi (One Chapter) 2.00
Geetha ( One Chapter) 2.00
Bhagavatham (One Chapter) 2.00
Bhagavatha Sapthaham 1000.00
Narayaneeyam (One Dasakam) 2.00
Ganapathy Archana 3.00
Sastha Archana 3.00
Lalitha Sahasra nama Archana 5.00
Palada Pradhaman 160.00 (1 ltr)
Eratti Payasam 180.00 (1 ltr)
Namaskaram (Approximate) 10000.00
Nalambalam Vilakku Veypu 8000.00
Athazham (Approximate) 11000.00
Palakapuram 5000.00
Ahassu 2000.00
Malayidal ( Sabarimala) 10.00
Kettu Nira ( Sabarimala) 20.00
Thulabharam Thattil Panam( Cost of Items extra) 5.00
Anayoottu 12000.00
Go-pooja 250.00
Go-Preethi 10.00
Maintenance of Elephants Any amount
Alroopam Any amount
Prasada oottu Any amount
Vahana pooja (Heavy Vehicles) 300.00
Vahana Pooja Car, Jeep etc 150.00
Vahana Pooja Auto rikshaw, Motor cycle etc 75.00
Vidyarambham 50.00
Saptha Sudhi Abhishekam 202.00
Saptha Sudhi Abhishekam (Minimum) 2.00
Veda Parayanam 1400.00
SapthasudhiAbhishekam 202.00
Sapthasudhi (min) 20.00
Vedaparayanam 2400.00
Milk Abhishekam 52.00
Chuttambalalam 12000.00
Chandanam Urula 800.00
East Deepasthambham 5000.00
West Deepasthambham 5000.00
Bhagavathy Chuttuvilakku 3500.00
Nivedyakooru 1.00
Kadali 4.50
Vettila Adakka 2.00
Gayathry NeyJapam 5.00
Avatharam 2000.00
Kaliamardhanam 2000.00
Rasakreeda 2000.00
Kamsavadham 2000.00
Swayamvaram 2000.00
Bhanayudham 2000.00
Vividhavadham 2000.00
Swargarohanam 2300.00
Chuttuvilakku (2025 Onwards) * 50000.00
Sastha Chuttuvilakku 8000.00
Chuttambalam Theliyikkal 13000.00
Prasada Kit 200.00
Prathyaksha Ganapathy Homam (On Every Muppattu Friday) 25000.00

 

Tulabharam

Offering some holy material equal to one's body weight is called tulabharam.

List of items and charges

ITEM
UNIT
RATE AS ON AUGUST 2022
BUTTER KGS 300
ILANEER (TENDER COCONUT) NOS 10
CHERUPAZHAM (PLANTAIN) KGS 15
KADALIPAZHAM (PLANTAIN-KADALI) KGS 30
BANANA KGS 30
POOVANPAZHAM (PLANTAIN-POOVAN) KGS 20
SUGAR KGS 30
SHARKARA (JAGGERY) KGS 30
VELLAM KGS 25
POORI PANCHASARA(SUGAR CUBES) KGS 30
THEERTHKUDAM KGS 20
GINGELY KGS 100
KAYAR COIR KGS 15
AVIL (FLATTEND RICE) KGS 25
CHENA(ELEPHANT YAM) KGS 10
ILAVAN     (ASHGOURD) NOS 10
MATHAN KGS 10
THULASI KGS 30
RICE KGS 25
DATES KGS 50
SALT KGS 10
UMI(HUSK) KGS 10
ULUVA(FENUGREEK) KGS 40
OIL KGS 100
KALKANDAM(SUGAR CANDY) KGS 50
MUSTARD KGS 40
KARIVEPPILA(CURRY LEAF) KGS 10
PEPPER KGS 300
COCONUT  SHELL KGS 10
CHAKIRI (COCONUT FIBRE) KGS 10
CHAKIRINARU KGS 10
GEERAKAM(CUMMIN SEED) KGS 150
THAVIDU(BRAN) KGS 10
NADAN CHANDANA MUTTI /SANDAL WOOD KGS 300
NALIKERAM POLICHATHU (SCRAPPED COCONUT) KGS 10
NALIKERAM POLIKATHATHU (UNSCRAPPED COCONUT) KGS 15
NEWS PAPER KGS 10
MANALCHAKKU (SAND BAG) KGS 20
MALAR KGS 20
MANJAL (TURMERIC) KGS 75
MADAL(SALK OF COCONUT) KGS 10
GHEE KGS 325
NOTE BOOK NEW KGS 30
KADALA OR PAYAR(BENGAL GRAM) KGS 35
LOTUS FLOWER NOS 50
IRON KGS 10
KUNNIKURU KGS 20
PADDY KGS 15
MYSOOR SANDAL KGS 215000
CHERUKAYA KGS 10
NENTHRAKAYA(RAW BANANA) KGS 25
SILVER KGS 45000
VELLARI KGS 10
COIN KGS 200
VAIKKOL(HAY) KGS 10
JEERAKAM(CUMMIN SEED) KGS 150
WHITE PAPER(NEW) KGS 30
VIRAKU(FIREWOOD) KGS 10

 

Nearest Airports

  • Kochi - 80 km
  • Calicut - 100 km

Nearest Railway Stations

  • Guruvayur
  • Trissur - 28 km

 

Google Map Image

 

 

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