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We have seen why ॐ is called Pranava.
Both ॐ and नमःशिवाय (Panchakshara) are Pranavas.
They both achieve the same goal.
ॐ is called Sukshma Pranava (सूक्ष्म प्रणव) - subtle.
Namah Shivaya is called Sthula Pranava (स्थूल प्रणव) - gross.
ॐ has two variations.
1.Hrasva (ह्रस्व) - This is made up of three components:
Akara (अ) + Ukara (उ) + Makara (म).
This is the normal Omkara we hear.
Akara - Shiva.
Ukara - Shakti.
Makara - Shiva, and Shakti combined.
2.Deergha (दीर्घ) - This has got eight components:
Akara (अ) + Ukara (उ) + Makara (म) + Bindu (बिन्दु) + Nada (नाद) + Shabda (शब्द) + Kalaa (कला) + Kaala (काल).
The additional five components are experienced by Yogis.
This can be experienced only in an elevated state of awareness.
An ordinary man just listens to music and enjoys it.
A musician is aware of the notes, Raga (राग), Taal (ताल), etc.
It is like this.
ह्रस्वमेव प्रवृत्तानां निवृत्तानां तु दीर्घकम्
The five letters of the Panchakshara Mantra represent the five elements and the five senses.
Who should chant which mantra?
प्रवृत्तानां च मिश्राणां स्थूलप्रणवमिष्यते
It is the ahamkara tattwa which creates the world.
Once ahamkara is conquered, you can control the entire world.
When you control the world, it can not bind you anymore.
You can move towards union with Shiva.
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Glory of Venkatesha
Story of Sri Yantra