Varuna The Water God

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Why is water significant in Hindu culture, and how does Varuna relate to it?

Water holds great significance in Hindu culture as it is believed to purify and cleanse both the body and the soul. Water is also seen as a symbol of life, fertility, and prosperity. Varuna is the god of water in Hinduism and is believed to have the power to control the oceans, rivers, and all forms of water.

How is Varuna worshipped or celebrated in modern times?

Whenever a kalasha (water pot) is installed as part of any puja, Varuna is invoked into it and worshiped first. He is also invoked into mandalas as the guardian deity of the west direction.

Quiz

Which God is often worshiped together with Varuna?

Varuna is the water God in Hinduism. He rules over the oceans, seas, rivers, streams, waterbodies, and subterranean waters. He dug the channels for rivers so that they flow into the seas and oceans. Varuna is the provider of rain. He has laid the sea routes through which ships navigate. Once Sage Vasishta was conducting a Yaga. He faced a scarcity of water. Varuna created a river and brought it to where Vasishta was. Varuna has laid the path in the sky for the Sun to travel. He together with Mitra also controls rain. He is t....

Varuna is the water God in Hinduism.
He rules over the oceans, seas, rivers, streams, waterbodies, and subterranean waters.
He dug the channels for rivers so that they flow into the seas and oceans.
Varuna is the provider of rain.
He has laid the sea routes through which ships navigate.
Once Sage Vasishta was conducting a Yaga.
He faced a scarcity of water.
Varuna created a river and brought it to where Vasishta was.
Varuna has laid the path in the sky for the Sun to travel.
He together with Mitra also controls rain.
He is the God of the night.
God Mitra is the double of Varuna and they are often praised and worshiped together.
Varuna is the God of occult power.

Stature of Varuna -
Varuna is equal in power and position to Indra.
Both are addressed as 'King'.
He is a self-dependent ruler which means that he is not subordinate to Indra.
Varuna is also addressed as 'Samraj', the emperor.
Gods follow the ordinances of Varuna.
No one has seen the boundaries of Varuna's world.
The name Varuna is derived from the root 'vri' which means that he encompasses the everything.

Eye of Varuna -
A lot of importance is given to the eye of Varuna in the Vedic hymns.
He observes mankind using his eye.
He is sometimes addressed as 'far-sighted' and 'thousand-eyed'.
Varuna's eye is the Sun.
His abode is in the highest realms of the Swargaloka.
He observes all acts sitting there and awards punishments to evil-doers.
He also has spies who move about on earth and report to him.

Varuna - the God of Asuras
Originally, the land of the Aryans spread from the South China Sea to the Mediterranean.
It got divided into the east and west of river Sindhu.
Those to the east took up Indra as their chief God.
Those to the west took up Varuna and became known as Asuras.
In the Puranas also you can see that whenever the Asuras were.
defeated, they took shelter in the oceans controlled by Varuna

Upholder of order -
Varuna is the God of order and justice.
He implements and executes the laws of nature.
He cherishes and upholds world order.
Varuna is omniscient.
Varuna knows what a man thinks, plans, and does.
He even knows how many times a man winks his eyes.
No evil-doer can escape the punishment of Varuna.
If someone violates his order, he becomes wrathful.
He binds sinners and liars with ropes.
He hates, punishes, and dispels falsehood.
At the same time, he gives relief from sins not only committed by oneself but those committed
by the forefathers also.

Varuna the healer
He has a thousand remedies to prolong life.
He can both give and take life.
He is the guardian of immortality.

Varuna's family
Varuna's father was Kardama.
His first wife is Varuni, Shukra's daughter.
Bala and Adharma are their sons and Sura is their daughter.
Adharma married Nirrti.
Rakshasas, Bhaya, Mahabhaya, and Mrityu are their children.

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