Naganechiyan Mata - Kuldevi of Rathore Dynasty

Discover the rich history and cultural significance of Kuldevi Naganechiyan Mata, the presiding goddess of the Rathore dynasty, revered for centuries in the Rajput heritage.



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In the grand tapestry of Indian medieval history, the Rajputs stand out as pillars of valor and culture. Among these warriors, the Rathore dynasty occupies a unique place. Known for their unparalleled bravery, the Rathores have left an indelible mark on history. Central to their spiritual life is the reverence for their Kuldevi, Naganechiyan Mata. This article delves into the origins, legends, and enduring significance of this goddess within the Rathore lineage.

The Rathore Dynasty: From Rashtrakutas to Ranbankas

Before the Rathores became the legendary custodians of Marwar, they were known as Rashtrakutas. After the fall of Kannauj, Rao Siha led his people to Marwar, establishing a new realm in Pali. His successors continued to expand their territory, solidifying their reputation as 'Ranbankas' or brave warriors.

Rao Dhuhad: Establishing the Kuldevi in Nagana

Rao Dhuhad, the son of Rao Asthan, played a pivotal role in establishing the family's Kuldevi. In the remote village of Nagana, amidst the arid landscapes of the Pachpadra region in Barmer, he built a temple dedicated to Naganechiyan Mata. This temple, nestled in the desert's embrace, has been a beacon of faith for the Rathore clan and beyond.

The Name 'Naganechi': Origins and Interpretations

The name 'Naganechi' is intertwined with local legends and traditions. It is believed that the goddess's name evolved from 'Nagane', the village where she was established, with the suffix 'chi' signifying 'of Nagana'. Thus, Naganechi means 'of Nagana', cementing her as the guardian deity of the Rathores.

Chakreshwari to Naganechi: The Transformation of the Kuldevi

Before being known as Naganechi, the goddess was revered as Chakreshwari. Historical texts like the 'Moondiyad Ri Khyat' and 'Udaybhan Champawat Ri Khyat' describe how Rao Dhuhad brought the statue of Chakreshwari from Kannauj and established it in Nagana. Over time, due to local influences and narratives, she became known as Naganechi.

Legends and Anecdotes: The Divine Miracles

A popular saying, 'Nagane ri rai, karai bail nai gai,' tells of a thief who, after stealing oxen, sought refuge in Naganechi's temple. The goddess transformed the oxen into cows, deceiving his pursuers and highlighting her merciful nature. This tale reflects the deep faith and divine interventions associated with Naganechi.

Dr. Vikram Singh Bhati's Insights on Naganechi

In 'Rajasthan ki Kuldeviyaan', Dr. Vikram Singh Bhati documents various beliefs about Naganechi's manifestation. One account speaks of a stone that began to manifest during Rao Dhuhad's worship, signifying the goddess's divine presence. Despite variations in these stories, Naganechi's temple in Nagana remains a symbol of the Rathore dynasty's spiritual legacy.

Symbolism of the Shyen Bird

The Marwar state's insignia features the Shyen bird, representing Naganechi in her protective form. This bird, revered as a divine protector, is believed to have shielded Jodhpur during the Indo-Pak war, ensuring no bombs exploded in the city. This legend underscores the goddess's enduring protective aura over the Rathore realm.

Cultural Celebrations and Traditions

Naganechi Mata's worship is celebrated with great fervor in Marwar. The festival includes distributing 'lapsi' as prasad and tying a protective bracelet with seven knots. These rituals not only honor the goddess but also reinforce the community's cultural bonds.

Temples and Pilgrimage

Apart from Nagana, temples dedicated to Naganechi Devi can be found in the Jodhpur fort and Bikaner city. These temples draw countless devotees who come to express their faith and seek blessings. The temple management ensures the smooth functioning of these sacred sites, providing facilities for devotees.




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Reaching Nagana by Air

Nearest Airport:

  • Jodhpur Airport (JDH): The nearest airport to Nagana is Jodhpur Airport, approximately 140 kilometers away. This airport connects to major cities like Delhi, Mumbai, and Jaipur, making it a convenient entry point for pilgrims.

From Jodhpur Airport to Nagana:

  • By Taxi: Taxis are readily available at the airport. A direct taxi ride to Nagana takes around 3 to 4 hours.
  • By Bus: Alternatively, you can take a bus from Jodhpur to Barmer, followed by a local bus or taxi to Nagana.

Reaching Nagana by Train

Nearest Railway Stations:

  • Balotra Railway Station: Located about 40 kilometers from Nagana, Balotra is the nearest railway station. It is well-connected to Jodhpur and other major cities in Rajasthan.
  • Barmer Railway Station: Approximately 70 kilometers away, Barmer Railway Station offers additional train options for those traveling from further afield.

From the Railway Stations to Nagana:

  • From Balotra: Hire a taxi or take a local bus from Balotra to Nagana. The journey typically takes about an hour.
  • From Barmer: Taxis and buses are available from Barmer to Nagana, with the trip taking around 1.5 to 2 hours.

Reaching Nagana by Road

By Private Car:

  • If you prefer driving, you can rent a car from Jodhpur, Balotra, or Barmer. The drive to Nagana offers scenic views of the Rajasthani desert and traditional villages.

By Bus:

  • Rajasthan State Road Transport Corporation (RSRTC) and private operators run buses from major cities like Jodhpur and Barmer to Nagana. Check the bus schedules and plan your journey accordingly.

Route from Jodhpur to Nagana by Road:

  1. Jodhpur to Barmer Road: Drive along NH25 from Jodhpur towards Barmer.
  2. Turn at Pachpadra: Near Pachpadra, take the road leading to Nagana. The route is well-marked with signboards.

Local Transportation in Nagana

Once you reach Nagana, local transportation options like auto-rickshaws and taxis can take you directly to the temple. The village roads are typically well-maintained, making the last leg of your journey comfortable.

Travel Tips for Pilgrims

  1. Plan Ahead: Check the weather and plan your visit during cooler months to avoid the extreme heat of the desert.
  2. Stay Hydrated: Carry sufficient water and stay hydrated, especially during the summer months.
  3. Respect Local Customs: Dress modestly and follow local customs and temple rules during your visit.
  4. Accommodation: Basic accommodations are available in Nagana. For more options, consider staying in nearby towns like Balotra or Barmer.


Knowledge Bank

How did Naganechi Mata get her name?

The name 'Naganechi' derives from the village of Nagana where the goddess was established, with 'chi' signifying 'of Nagana'.

What is the symbolism of the Shyen bird in relation to Naganechi Mata?

The Shyen bird represents Naganechi in her protective form, believed to have shielded Jodhpur during the Indo-Pak war.


Who established the temple of Kuldevi Naganechiyan Mata in Nagana, Rajasthan?
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