This audio tells you about - 1. How Bhagavan is both the raw material and knowledge for the creation of the universe 2. How there is a system in place for running the universe 3. How Bhagavan is in command of this system.
We explored in detail the meaning of the term जन्माद्यस्य in the very first shloka of Bhagavatam. Now यतोन्वयादितरतश्च:। Two terms: अन्वयात् and इतरतश्च। What do they stand for? If you want to make something, you need raw material and a maker- a person who uses that material and makes it. Like a pot is being made, raw material is clay, the potter is the maker. So for the universe, what is it like? ....
We explored in detail the meaning of the term जन्माद्यस्य in the very first shloka of Bhagavatam.
Two terms: अन्वयात् and इतरतश्च।
What do they stand for?
If you want to make something, you need raw material and a maker- a person who uses that material and makes it.
Like a pot is being made, raw material is clay, the potter is the maker.
So for the universe, what is it like?
Some school of thought says: Brahman is the raw material for the universe and
Prakriti is the maker.
Some other school of thought says: Prakriti is the raw material and Brahman is the maker.
Here, Bhagavata clarifies: यतोन्वयादितरतश्च:।
Both are Brahman only, Bhagavan only.
He is the one who creates, who sustains, and dissolves.
What happens to the material world at the time of pralaya?
Is it destroyed like how fire destroys a pile of paper?
There is no destruction, there is only dissolution.
A wave rises from the sea and falls back into the sea.
This is creation, sustenance, and elimination.
The water that the wave is made up of is always there, even after the wave is gone.
And it has got the potential to rise up again as another wave.
That's why there is a similarity between waves.
They don’t look exactly the same, but they look similar.
The raw material that makes the wave, the water, and the knowledge that gives shape to the wave are always there in the sea whether there is a visible wave or not.
This sea is Bhagavan, Brahman.
So, even if the universe has disappeared, its raw material and the knowledge that would create the next universe are still there, in Bhagavan.
It is like a computer.
Even if you switch it off, it is not working anymore, the components are still there inside; the software, the knowledge base, the operating system everything is still there inside.
This is the clarity that Bhagavatam gives.
Both the raw material and maker of the universe, it is Bhagavan only.
Now, you can see two kinds of creation in the world: the trees, mountains, minerals, sea, sand where you don’t actually see a maker.
And the second kind: table, chair.
In the first one, the maker is invisible.
In the second one, the maker is visible.
Both these kinds of creations are by Bhagavan only.
In the second kind, where there is a visible maker, Bhagavan only is acting through him.
With these two terms, अन्वयात् and इतरतः Sage Vyasa is also pointing towards this.
अर्थेष्वभिज्ञः - abhijnaha means knowledgeable; artha means goals.
The universe is not chaos.
The universe comes into existence with certain purposes, certain goals, not just random events.
There is a system in place.
There is a sequence.
There is an end result or end results to be achieved.
For example, the universe is there for me so that I can achieve complete freedom, moksha by means of virtuous living, material resources, and managing desires.
I am a small part of this universe.
This is the set goal and activity for me.
Like this, there are umpteen goals, towards the achievement of which umpteen activities are going on in the universe.
These are the arthas of the universe and Bhagavan is the abhijna of these.
He has complete knowledge and complete control over these as the Swarat because he is Swarat; he is the one who is running the show from inside every object and being.
But there is something very special about the saptami vibhakti used in this term अर्थेष्वभिज्ञः।
It is not अर्थानां अभिज्ञः।
It is अर्थेषु अभिज्ञः।
This means that even though Bhagawan is fully in command, he is running the show, he is unattached.
He is not attached to it.
Normally, we see people who manage things, they have passion towards them.
A good manager is passionate about what he manages, the results.
But Bhagavan is not like that.
While he is perfect in what he does, he neither likes or dislikes what he does.
A coffee grinding machine produces best quality coffee powder from coffee beans.
But does the machine enjoy the fragrance of the coffee, or love what it does?
I am not comparing Bhagavan to a coffee grinder.
I am saying this for you to understand that state of dispassion.
This much is about the forms in the universe, objects and beings, the rupa aspect of the universe.
Next will be the nama aspect:
तेने ब्रह्म हृदा य आदिकवये- this part of the shloka will be about the nama aspect of creation.
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